Indasteri ea likoloi

Indasteri ea likoloi

Likoloi ke mofuta o tloaelehileng haholo oa lipalangoang lefatšeng. Sesebelisoa sa mantlha sa moaho se sebelisitsoeng likoloi ke tšepe e sa bitseng chelete e ngata. Leha ho le joalo, ha indasteri ea makoloi e qala ho tsepamisa maikutlo ho feta phepelong ea mafura, ho fokotsa moea o tsoang moeeng le moetso, aluminium e bapala karolo ea makoloi a sejoale-joale. Karolo ea bohlokoa le ho feta. ka 2014, indasteri ea likoloi ea lefats'e (ntle le Chaena) e jele lithane tse limilione tse 2.87 tsa aluminium. Ka 2020, China e lebelletsoe ho sebelisa lithane tse limilione tse 4.49 tsa aluminium selemo se seng le se seng. Mabaka a mantlha a kholo ena a kenyelletsa tlhahiso e ntseng e phahama ea makoloi le ts'ebeliso e atileng ea aluminium likoloing tsa sejoale-joale. Bakeng sa kilogram e 'ngoe le e' ngoe ea aluminium e sebelisoang ka koloing, boima bo felletseng bo fokotsoa ka kilogram e le 'ngoe. Ka lebaka lena, likarolo tse ngata tsa likoloi li entsoe ka aluminium: li-radiator tsa enjene, mabili, li-bumpers, likarolo tsa ho fanyeha. Lisebelisoa tsa enjene, phetisetso le likarolo tsa 'mele: likoti, mamati esita le liforeimi. Ka lebaka leo, karolo ea aluminium ka karolelano ea boima ba koloi e ntse e eketseha ho tloha lilemong tsa bo-1970: ho tloha lilemong tsa bo-1970 ho isa lilemong tsa bo-1970, karolo ea aluminium ka karolelano ea boima ba koloi e ntse e eketseha: ho tloha lilemong tsa bo-1970 ho isa lilemong tsa bo-1970. karolelano ea aluminium ka karolelano ea boima ba koloi bo ntse bo eketseha: ho tloha lilemong tsa bo-1970 ho isa ho li-1970, karolo ea aluminium ka karolelano ea boima ba koloi e ntse e eketseha: ho tloha lilemong tsa bo-1970 ho isa lilemong tsa bo-1970, karolo ea aluminium ka karolelano ea koloi boima bo 'nile ba eketseha. Lik'hilograma tse 35 ho isa ho li-kilogramme tse 152 kajeno. Litsebi li bolela esale pele hore ka 2025, karolelano ea koloi e tla ba le lik'hilograma tse 250 tsa aluminium.

https://www.kchaluminum.com/automotive-industry/

Ho tloha ka nako eo, aluminium e se e le sesebelisoa sa bohlokoa sa tlhahiso bakeng sa indasteri ea lifofane. Sebopeho sa lits'epe tse kopantsoeng ka aluminium tse sebelisitsoeng lifofaneng li fetohile 'me lifofane li ntlafetse, empa sepheo sa mantlha sa baqapi ba lifofane se lula se ts'oana: ho aha sefofane se bobebe ka hohle kamoo ho ka khonehang, se nang le bokhoni bo phahameng ka ho fetisisa, se sebelisa mafura a manyane kamoo ho ka khonehang le ka mmele o sa sebeng. sefofane se bobebe ka hohle kamoo ho ka khonehang, se nang le boholo bo ka khonehang, se sebelisa mafura a manyane ka hohle kamoo ho ka khonehang ebile ha se mafome 'meleng. Ke aluminium e lumellang lienjineri tsa lifofane ho fihlela sepheo sena kaofela. Aluminium e sebelisoa hoo e batlang e le kae kapa kae lifofaneng tsa sejoale-joale: ka fuselage, trim, lipaneteng le mapolanka, litsing tse thibelang, mekotleng ea ho qeta metsi, libakeng tsa phepelo, liphaepheng tsa Refueling, mamating le fatše, ka liforeimi tsa litulo tsa mofofisi le bapalami, ka lipompong tsa peterole, tsamaisong ea haeteroliki, ka har'a litšiea tse kahare tsa ntlo, libering tsa Ball li sebelisoa ka lisebelisoa tsa mokhosi, li-turbine tsa enjene le libakeng tse ling tse ngata. Li-alloys tsa aluminium tse sebelisoang haholo bakeng sa lits'ebetso tsa sepakapaka ke li-2xххх3хххххххххххххххх. 2xxx lethathamo le khothalletsoa bakeng sa lits'epe tse kopantsoeng tsa 7xxx li sebelisetsoa likarolo tse laetsoeng haholo libakeng tse mocheso o tlase le bakeng sa lits'ebetso moo ho hlokahalang mehato e phahameng. Li-alloys tsa 3xxx, 5xxx le 6xxx li sebelisetsoa likarolo tse nang le mojaro o tlase, hape le lits'ebetso tsa haeteroliki, oli le khase. Lubrication le mafura. Motsoako o sebelisoang ka ho fetisisa ke 7075, o nang le aluminium, zinki, magnesium le koporo. Ke eona e matla ho feta lits'epe tsohle tsa aluminium le lira tsa eona tse loantšanang ntlheng ena, empa ke karolo ea boraro feela ea boima ba tšepe.

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https://www.kchaluminum.com/automotive-industry/
https://www.kchaluminum.com/automotive-industry/

Aluminium e ne e sebelisoa qalong bakeng sa litopo tsa koloi tsa pele. Ka lebaka leo, koloi ea pele e hlahisitsoeng ka bongata e nang le 'mele oa aluminium eohle e ne e le Audi A8, e qalileng ho qala ka 1994. Mefuta e meng ea mabothobotho e ile ea latela kapele: BMW, Mercedes-Benz, Porsche, Land Rover, Jaguar. 2014 indastering ea likoloi. Ketsahalo e 'ngoe ea bohlokoa ka ho fetisisa, koloi ea aluminium eohle e hlahisoa karolong ea' maraka o moholo: ena ke phetolelo ea morao-rao ea teraka ea Ford e tummeng - "Ford". 150, teraka e tsebahalang haholo ea Amerika lilemong tse 38 tse fetileng. Ka ho fetohela ho moralo oa aluminium eohle, ena e bobebe ka li-kilogram tsa 315 ho feta pele ho eona, e e fang moruo o motle oa peterole le moea o tlase oa moea oa CO2. Bokhoni ba thepa le bona bo ntlafalitsoe, 'me mohlala o na le litšobotsi tse ntle tsa ho potlakisa le ho phunya. Ka nako e ts'oanang, NHTSA e file koloi lintlha tsa eona tse tšepahalang ka ho fetesisa, linaleli tse hlano ho fapana le linaleli tse 'ne tse fuoeng mofuta o fetileng.

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Ts'ireletso e eketsehileng ea Tesla e na le mekhahlelo e meraro. Boemo ba pele ke sefate sa aluminium se bopehileng ka ho khetheha se lahlang ntho efe kapa efe eo koloi e e otlang tseleng mme e monya tšusumetso. Boemo ba bobeli ke poleiti ea thaethaniamo e sirelletsang likarolo tse tlokotsing haholo tsa bokapele ba koloi, mme ea boraro ke thebe e tiisitsoeng ea aluminium e koetlisang Matla a sisinyehang le ho ts'oara koloi holimo le holim'a litšitiso tse tiileng, tse sa sisinyeheng.

 

Aluminium e na le thepa e 'ngoe ea bohlokoa haholo: e ntle haholo ha e amohela lintho tse nyarosang: ha e le hantle, e ts'aba habeli joalo ka tšepe. Ka lebaka lena, li-automaker ke khale li sebelisa aluminium ho li-bumpers tsa bona. Botlaaseng ba koloi ena ea phetohelo ea motlakase ea Tesla e koahetsoe ka liphanele tsa aluminium tse 8mm tse sireletsang likulo tse sirelletsang kamore ea betri ka lebelo le holimo. Tšireletseho e netefalitsoeng ho 200 km. Haufinyane, k'hamphani e qalile ho kenya lipoleiti tse ncha tsa aluminium-titanium likoloing tsa eona, tse lumellang mokhanni, ha a ntse a le taolong e felletseng ea koloi, ho silakanya litšitiso tsa konkreite le tsa tšepe tseleng. Lebaka le leng leo ka lona 'mele ea aluminium e sireletsehileng ho feta' mele ea tšepe ke hore ha karolo ea aluminium e kobeha kapa e holofala, phetoho e lekanyelitsoe ho phello. ea sebaka seo, ha mmele o setseng o le sebopehong sa ona sa mantlha ho netefatsa polokeho ea lekareche la bapalami. Litsebi li bolela hore lilemong tse leshome tse tlang, baetsi ba likoloi ba tla holisa ts'ebeliso ea aluminium mefuteng ea bona. Aluminium e ngata e tla sebelisoa bakeng sa likarolo tsa 'mele mme' mele eohle ea likoloi e tla etsoa ka aluminium. Ka nako e ts'oanang, li-automaker tse ngata hajoale li ntse li buisana le baetsi ba aluminium ho theha lits'ebeletso tse koetsoeng tse koetsoeng moo likarolo tse ncha tsa aluminium tsa likoloi li entsoeng ka likarolo tsa aluminium tse nchafalitsoeng ho tsoa likoloi tse lahliloeng. Ho thata ho nahana ka mokhoa o bolokang tikoloho ho feta tikoloho ena.