Masana'antar kera motoci

Masana'antar kera motoci

Motoci sune mafi yawan hanyoyin sufuri a duniya. Babban kayan ginin da ake amfani dashi a cikin motoci shine ƙarfe mai arha. Koyaya, yayin da masana'antar kera motoci suka fara mai da hankali sosai kan ingancin mai, rage fitar da hayaƙin carbon dioxide da zane, aluminium yana taka rawa a cikin motocin zamani. Matsayi mai mahimmanci. a shekarar 2014, masana'antar kera motoci ta duniya (ban da China) ta cinye tan miliyan 2.87 na aluminium. Zuwa shekarar 2020, ana sa ran kasar Sin za ta ci tan miliyan 4.49 na aluminum a duk shekara. Mahimman dalilai don wannan haɓaka sun haɗa da haɓaka abin hawa da amfani da aluminum a cikin motocin zamani. Ga kowane kilogram na aluminum wanda aka yi amfani da shi a cikin mota, an rage jimlar kilogram ɗaya. A saboda wannan dalili, ana ƙara yawan ɓangarorin mota daga aluminium: injin radiators, ƙafafun, bumpers, abubuwan dakatarwa. Toshin injiniya, watsawa da sassan jikin mutum: hoods, kofofi har ma da firam. A sakamakon haka, rabon aluminium a cikin matsakaicin nauyin abin hawa yana ta karuwa tun daga shekarun 1970s: daga 1970s zuwa 1970s, rabon aluminum a matsakaicin nauyin abin hawa yana karuwa: daga 1970s zuwa 1970s, da Rabon aluminium a cikin matsakaicin nauyin abin hawa yana ta karuwa: daga shekara ta 1970 zuwa 1970, rabon aluminiya a matsakaicin nauyin abin hawa yana karuwa: daga 1970s zuwa 1970s, rabon alminiyam a cikin matsakaicin babban abin hawa nauyi yana ta ƙaruwa. Kilogiram 35 zuwa kilogiram 152 a yau. Masana sun yi hasashen cewa nan da shekarar 2025, matsakaiciyar mota za ta kunshi kilogram 250 na aluminum.

https://www.kchaluminum.com/automotive-industry/

Tun daga wannan lokacin, alminiyon ya zama babban mahimman kayan masana'antu don masana'antar kera sararin samaniya. Abubuwan da aka haɗa da allunan allo waɗanda aka yi amfani da su a cikin jirgin sama ya canza kuma jirgin sama ya inganta, amma babban burin masu ƙirar jirgin sama ya kasance iri ɗaya: gina jirgin sama wanda yake da sauƙi kamar yadda ya yiwu, tare da iyakar ƙarfin da zai yiwu, ta amfani da ɗan ƙaramin mai kamar yadda zai yiwu kuma tare da jikin da baya tsatsa. jirgin sama wanda yake da haske gwargwadon iko, yana da karfin da zai iya yuwuwa, yana amfani da karancin mai kamar yadda ya kamata kuma baya tsatsa a jiki. Aluminium ne wanda yake bawa injiniyoyin jirgin sama damar buga duk waɗannan abubuwan. Ana amfani da Aluminium kusan a ko'ina a cikin jirgin sama na zamani: a cikin fuselage, a cikin datsa, a cikin fuka-fuki da rudder, a cikin tsarin ƙuntatawa, a cikin bututun shaye shaye, a cikin bulolin ciyarwa, Reara ƙoshin ruwa, a ƙofofi da bene, a cikin Fitilar matukin jirgi da kujerun fasinja, a cikin bututun mai, a cikin tsarin lantarki, a cikin ginshiƙan ciki na gida, a cikin kwalliyar Ball ana amfani da su a cikin kayan kwalliya, injin injiniyoyi da sauran wurare da yawa. Gilashin aluminum waɗanda aka fi amfani dasu don aikace-aikacen sararin samaniya sune jerin 2хххх3ххххх5ххх6хххх7хххх. Ana ba da shawarar jerin 2xxx don haɗin gwal na 7xxx don abubuwan da aka ɗora sosai waɗanda aka ɗora a cikin yanayin yanayin zafin jiki da yawa da kuma aikace-aikace inda ake buƙatar babban ƙarfin wuta. Ana amfani da nau'ikan 3xxx, 5xxx da 6xxx ana amfani da su don abubuwan da ba su da kaya masu yawa, da kuma aikace-aikacen hydraulic, mai da gas. Man shafawa da tsarin mai. Gwajin da aka fi amfani dashi shine 7075, wanda ya ƙunshi aluminum, zinc, magnesium da jan ƙarfe. Shine mafi ƙarfi a cikin dukkanin ginshiƙan ƙarfe na aluminium da abokan hamayya da ƙarfe ta wannan fuskar, amma kashi ɗaya bisa uku ne na nauyin ƙarfe.

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https://www.kchaluminum.com/automotive-industry/
https://www.kchaluminum.com/automotive-industry/

Asalin ana amfani da Aluminium don jikin gawawwaki. A sakamakon haka, motar farko da aka fara kera ta tare da dukkannin aluminium ita ce Audi A8, wanda aka fara fitarwa a shekarar 1994. Sauran samfuran alfarma nan da nan suka biyo baya: BMW, Mercedes-Benz, Porsche, Land Rover, Jaguar. 2014 a masana'antar kera motoci. Wani muhimmin abin tarihi, an sake fito da duk wani abin hawa na aluminium a bangaren kasuwar hada-hadar jama'a: wannan ita ce sabuwar fitowar sabuwar motar Ford - "Ford". 150, shahararren motar daukar kaya ta Amurka a cikin shekaru 38 da suka gabata. Ta hanyar sauyawa zuwa wani tsari na dukkanin-aluminium, wannan yana da nauyin kilogram 315 fiye da wanda ya gabace shi, wanda hakan ke bashi ingantaccen tattalin arzikin mai da kuma fitar da hayakin CO2 mara kyau. Hakanan an inganta ƙarfin kaya, kuma samfurin yana da haɓaka hanzari da halayen birki. A lokaci guda, NHTSA ta ba wa motar babbar amincinta, taurari biyar maimakon taurari huɗu da aka ba samfurin na baya.

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Protectionarin kariyar Tesla ya ƙunshi matakai uku. Mataki na farko shine katako na almara na musamman wanda yake jefa duk wani abu da motar ta buge akan hanya kuma take ɗaukar tasiri. Mataki na biyu shine faranti na titanium wanda ke kare ɓangarorin da ke cikin haɗari na gaban motar, kuma matakin na uku shi ne garkuwar aluminium ɗin da aka buga wanda ke tunkuɗar da Thearfin yana rawar jiki kuma yana riƙe motar sama da ƙarfi, matsalolin da ba za su iya motsi ba.

 

Aluminium yana da wani abu mai matukar amfani: yana da kyau sosai a yayin shanye abubuwa: a zahiri, ya ninka ƙarfi kamar ƙarfe. A saboda wannan dalili, masu kera motoci sun daɗe suna amfani da aluminium a cikin kumfunansu. Asan wannan motar lantarki ta Tesla mai neman juyi an rufe ta da bangarori na aluminika masu ƙarfon harsasai 8mm waɗanda ke kare ɓangaren baturi a saurin gaske. Tabbacin aminci a kilomita 200. Kwanan nan, kamfanin ya fara girka sabbin faranti na sulke na aluminium-titanium a kan motocinsa, wanda ke baiwa direba damar, yayin da yake kan cikakken iko da abin hawa, da kuma murkushe shingen karfe da karafa a kan hanya. Wani dalilin da yasa jikin aluminium yafi lafiya fiye da na karfe shine cewa lokacin da wani sashi na aluminium ya tanƙwara ko ya sami nakasa, nakasar ta takaita ne ga tasirin. na yankin, yayin da sauran jikin ya kasance a yadda yake don tabbatar da tsaron ɗakin fasinjoji. Masana sun yi iƙirarin cewa a cikin shekaru goma masu zuwa, masu kera motoci za su haɓaka fa'idar amfani da aluminium a cikin ƙirar su. Za a yi amfani da aluminiya mai yawa don sassan jiki kuma za a yi gawarwakin duka da aluminium. A lokaci guda, yawancin masu kera motoci a halin yanzu suna tattaunawa tare da masu kera aluminium don kafa wuraren samar da madaidaiciya inda ake yin sabbin kayayyakin Aluminium daga sassan aluminiya da aka sake amfani da su daga motocin da aka watsar. Yana da wahala a yi tunanin yanayin samar da yanayi mai kyau fiye da wannan.